The Disenso Foundation commemorates the birth of Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares, one of the leading politicians and reformers in modern Spanish history.
Spain was one of the great powers at the forefront of technological advances, and Guipúzcoa was one of the spearheads responsible for that development.
For centuries European navigators dreamed of finding Terra Australis, a huge continent whose existence was based on erroneous theories but which turned out to be real. James Cook has traditionally been regarded
The deliberate calumnies of Las Casas are the true origin of the Black Legend, beyond the occasional and quite expected disqualifications of Protestants and countries rival to Spain, especially France and England, or annoyed with
The language of sculpture The famous Renaissance artist, Michelangelo Buonarrotti, on finishing his most realistic work, Moses, looking at it carefully and overwhelmed by the expression on his imposing and magnificent face, struck him
In order to fight against the Black Legend that so persecutes the hHistory of Spain, there is a very useful weapon, and that is the study of the events that took place, and their
Gabriel de Castilla was a Spanish navigator and explorer born in Palencia between 1570 and 1577. His parents were Alonso de Cárdenas y Castilla and Leonor de la Mata. When he was still very
Se encontró con la etiqueta "vale muy poco", para uso contemporáneo. Nada más lejos de la verdad Académicos españoles y taiwaneses han descubierto el diccionario español-chino más grande y más antiguo del
Always first in the battle, in this occasion 300 Spaniards breached the walls of Buda to end the Ottoman domination.
At the dawn of the 16th century, Spain not only became the most powerful nation in the world thanks to its Italian and overseas possessions, but it was also about to become a factory
As is well known, the disease of scurvy, a fatal vitamin C deficiency, surely caused more deaths among seafarers than all the battles and storms, as its cause was unknown, which was none other
There were numerous American allies who supported the Spaniards in the New World. Without them, "the conquest" would not have occurred, given its small number (and not just at first), so most likely the
The Spanish colonisers drew "the points" in a vast territory on which colonisation was based: they built missions, presidios (that is, forts), planned cities and created toponymy. Roads (the 5 Caminos Reales), tens of
Despite the heavy defeat, our people behaved with such bravery that even the French recognised it. At Rocroi they beated us, but even when bent and disjointed we also fought back, right down
When we talk about slaves and America, the first images that come to mind are the huge cotton plantations where slaves brought from Africa work from sun to sun. But there were other slaves, white
Paper presented at the V Congreso Nacional de la Sociedad Mexicana de Historia y Filosofía de la Medicina, Querétaro, November 1998 Exclusive hospitals for attention to sick natives were founded in New Spain.