Álvaro de Bazán y Guzmán


Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquess of Santa Cruz was a Spanish admiral. He was never defeated, a remarkable achievement in a fifty-year long career.

Álvaro de Bazán y Guzmán2021-11-07T11:47:53+00:00

The Las Casas affair (II)


The fabulous virtues of the Indians added to the horror of the Hispanic atrocities: "And to these meek sheep and of the qualities mentioned by their Maker and Creator thus endowed, the Spaniards came

The Las Casas affair (II)2021-09-20T22:29:32+00:00

The Las Casas affair (I)


The question of the treatment of the natives was of far greater concern in Spain than it had been, or would later be, in any other empire, the treatment of subject peoples, the right

The Las Casas affair (I)2021-09-20T22:29:38+00:00

This is how Spain promoted mixed marriages with indigenous people 500 years before it was legal in the United States


In 1503, Queen Isabel called on Governor Nicolás Ovando, a fundamental man in the first years of European presence in America, to promote mixed marriages, "which are legitimate and recommended because the Indians are

This is how Spain promoted mixed marriages with indigenous people 500 years before it was legal in the United States2021-09-20T00:00:48+00:00

American allies


There were numerous American allies who supported the Spaniards in the New World. Without them, "the conquest" would not have occurred, given its small number (and not just at first), so most likely the

American allies2021-09-19T23:34:48+00:00

Physicians and medicine in 16th-century New Spain


There were improvised surgeons among the Spanish soldiers, who faced the American natives in the name of universal empire and church. There were also native physicians, organized around an important cultural center: the Franciscan college of Holy Cross in Tlatelolco. They perpetuated the ancestral medical traditions. In the dawning of New Spain, arrived here some physicians and surgeons prepared in important medical centers, such Sevilla, Salamanca, and Alcalá de Henares. Soon after a noteworthy exchange of medicinal plants and, generally, of therapeutic products between the old and new world took place. Likewise arrived here medical books printed in Europe and, in the second half of such century, appeared Newspanish medical books. When the first chair of medicine was established in the Royal University of México (1578), the number of medical publications increased until, in 1598, appeared the first medical thesis printed in America.

Physicians and medicine in 16th-century New Spain2022-04-07T22:44:38+00:00
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