Álvaro de Bazán y Guzmán

2021-11-07T11:47:53+00:00

Álvaro de Bazán, 1st Marquess of Santa Cruz was a Spanish admiral. He was never defeated, a remarkable achievement in a fifty-year long career.

Álvaro de Bazán y Guzmán2021-11-07T11:47:53+00:00

The false black legend of Junípero Serra: the Spanish ‘civiliser’ of Indians accused of genocide

2021-09-20T00:01:58+00:00

The Franciscan monk founded nine missions across the Atlantic and fought to advance native society. However, a statue erected in his honour was recently beheaded in California. Heroes are not only those who,

The false black legend of Junípero Serra: the Spanish ‘civiliser’ of Indians accused of genocide2021-09-20T00:01:58+00:00

The betrayal of the Anglophiles

2021-09-20T14:51:47+00:00

Venezuela had ended the year 1813 in the midst of plunder, ruin, and desolation. Trade and commerce had languished to extinction. Money was scarce, as exports had also suffered. What circulated was low grade

The betrayal of the Anglophiles2021-09-20T14:51:47+00:00

The Holy California Expedition

2021-09-19T23:33:46+00:00

The Franciscan friar Fray Junípero Serra participated in the colonisation of this state together with Gaspar de Portolá. Last third of the 18th century. Spain, however implausible it may seem today, barely ten

The Holy California Expedition2021-09-19T23:33:46+00:00

Bernardo de Gálvez (V) – Governor of New Spain

2021-09-19T04:00:16+00:00

From what was left of the walls of the newly conquered fortification, cannonading began on the adjoining fort located at a lower altitude. Although there was great resistance it was futile, John Campbell raised

Bernardo de Gálvez (V) – Governor of New Spain2021-09-19T04:00:16+00:00

Bernardo de Gálvez (IV) – Pensacola. I Alone.

2021-09-19T04:01:15+00:00

After nine days at sea, he arrived at the island of Santa Rosa, which closed the bay that gave access to the city. The entrance to the bay was defended by the fort of

Bernardo de Gálvez (IV) – Pensacola. I Alone.2021-09-19T04:01:15+00:00

Bernardo de Gálvez (II) – The campaign to conquer the Floridas begins

2022-01-30T15:45:32+00:00

The naval dominion acquired by the Franco-Spanish anticipation made it possible to carry out numerous operations against the British possessions, which had to remain almost entirely in a defensive situation. Precisely one of the few

Bernardo de Gálvez (II) – The campaign to conquer the Floridas begins2022-01-30T15:45:32+00:00

Bernardo de Gálvez (I) – The Legend begins

2021-09-19T04:03:52+00:00

If there is one example of a Spaniard who is better known abroad than in his own country, it is Bernardo de Gálvez. His decisive actions made possible the birth of the great world

Bernardo de Gálvez (I) – The Legend begins2021-09-19T04:03:52+00:00
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